Water Filtration Equipment & Installation

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Fix-Me-Up Water Filtration Equipment & Installation List of Recommended Plumbing Books

Homeowner's Complete Guide to Plumbing; Merle Henkenius; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

Means Plumbing Change Order Cost Data, 1991; John J. Moylan; Paperback (Hard to Find)

Means Plumbing Cost Data 1994; Melville J. Mossman (Editor); Paperback (Hard to Find)

Residential Plumbing; Peter Jones; Hardcover (Hard to Find)

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Section 1.0 - Introduction

1.1 Scope

This book covers basic information about water problems, water filter systems, and the installation of backwash water filter systems and water softeners. The installation instructions are generic in nature and the author has no affiliation with any water filter system manufacturers or water treatment companies. The instructions in this book apply for installing Water Softeners, Iron & Sulfur Filters, and Odor & Taste Filters. When contamination is minimal, a water softener will eliminate most mineral and hard water problems. Heavy metals and Radon contamination filtration are not covered in this book. In-Line heavy metal filters for drinking water lines are readily available from plumbing and water equipment suppliers and are inexpensive. Radon contamination can be successfully removed by obtaining a reverse osmosis filter system. Reverse osmosis filter systems are expensive in comparison to other types of filter systems, however, filter the water to a much more pure state.

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1.2 Water Problems

In areas where the concentration of iron or sulfur in the water supply is more than 10 parts per million, an Iron & Sulfur filter is advised. If you have an iron problem, your plumbing fixtures will be contaminated with rust and your laundry will turn yellow to orange depending on the iron level. Sulfur will give your water a smell similar to rotten eggs. Organic contamination will make your water smell and taste bad.

If you are unsure of the type of problem you have, your local County Health Department can test your water for you. The cost for the testing ranges from free to a few dollars. Another source for water testing or information is a local water company or municipal water service. The good news for going to a water treatment company is it will test your water for you for free in most cases. The bad news is you will typically get a 2 to 3 hour sales presentation and spend more for the water system than you wanted or needed to.

Hard water is caused by minerals that are dissolved in municipal and private wells. The concentration of dissolved calcium and magnesium compounds in your water depend upon your location. The compounds found in hard water form deposits similar to limestone in your pipes and appliances. The deposits also combine with soap causing glassware to streak and spot. Deposits accumulate on your laundry causing discoloration and additional wear.

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1.3 What to do

Before you spend your hard earned dollars having a water company install a water softener or specialty filter in your home or small business, consider doing it yourself. This book provides you with the information to be informed about water problems and how to install water softeners and filtration equipment. You may not believe you have the talent or skill to do the equipment installation after looking at the instructions. For those who have not worked with tools or done any type of equipment installations, it is advisable to have a mechanically inclined friend or relative assist you with the installation.

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Section 2.0 - Safety Precautions And Signal Words

2.1 General Information And Safety

This manual provides theory of operation and installation procedures. It also includes precautionary information relevant to these procedures. This book can be an effective tool in the hands of a mechanically inclined and careful homeowner. However, it does not and cannot take the place of previous training nor safety-conscious work. If any doubt arises about the specific application of procedures presented, or if problems arise which are not covered in this manual, contact the manufacturer or dealer of the equipment you are installing before proceeding further.

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2.2 Safety Alert Symbol And Signal Words

The following safety alert symbol and signal words are used throughout this manual to call attention to and identify different levels of hazard and special instructions.

This safety alert symbol is used with the signal words WARNING and CAUTION to call attention to safety statements.

WARNING statements identify procedures or practices which must be followed to avoid serious personal injury or loss of life.

ELECTRICAL HAZARD WARNING statements identify procedures or practices which must be followed to avoid serious personal injury or loss of life due to electrical shock.

CAUTION statements identify procedures or practices which must be followed to avoid minor personal injury or damage to this equipment.

IMPORTANT statements identify special instructions necessary for the most efficient operation of this equipment.

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2.3 Safety Precautions

WARNING: ELECTRICAL SHOCK can kill. Do not touch live electrical parts.

WARNING: FLAMES from portable propane torches used to sweat copper pipes can cause fires and burns.

WARNING: HOT PARTS can cause severe burns.

CAUTION: IMPROPER LIFTING OF EQUIPMENT can result in personal injury and equipment damage. Use equipment of adequate capacity to lift the unit.

used to regenerate iron filters is a POISON. Use extreme care when handling this chemical.
          Rinse out the container and discard of properly when adding chemical to the feeder tank.
Do not allow the chemical to come in contact with eyes or skin.
In case of an accident, follow all instructions of the chemical container.
After installation, if your water appears light pink to dark purple, do not use the water, it may contain poison.
Notify the manufacturer and contact a plumber immediately.

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